Somaliland continued to rightly demonstrate that it is a flexible and democratic country.
Its culture of democracy dates back to the days of the liberation movement when the SNM drafted a letter and balanced leadership.
Africa is described as less democratic. While these generalizations may have their own shortcomings, this becomes true when looking at the continent’s history, particularly the post-independence era.
The continent has struggled to achieve a viable democratic system, a multi-party policy, political freedoms and civil liberties. The circumvention of mandate limits by African leaders has become widespread, and while several countries have made significant progress in democracy and elections, many others are acting wrong.
Where these demanding situations persist, this does mean that there are no stories of good fortune. Somaliland, the former British protectorate in the Horn of Africa, has recently caught the attention of the foreign network for the structure of an effective democratic formula to which only a few other African countries correspond.
This is despite its volatile geographical location on the border with Somalia, which is one of the most harmful and chaotic countries in the world, [according to the threat map].
HISTORY OF SOMALILANDIA
Somaliland, officially known as the Republic of Somaliland, was the thirteenth country to become independent from Africa through a royal proclamation through Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II on 26 June 1960.
This independence lasted little because of its unification with Somalia to shape the Republic of Somalia, also contemplating encompassing other Somali territories in the Horn of Africa to create the Greater Republic of Somalia.
The concept of Greater Somalia dates back to the early 20th century, and the concept of uniting all Somali-speaking nations, adding spaces in which ethnic Somalis traditionally live or live, covered Somaliland, Somalia and Djibouti, as well as the northeastern province of Kenya. and provide the Somali state of Ethiopia.
This dream did not come true when Djibouti became independent and did not enrolled in the Republic of Somalia.
Somaliland and Somalia had differences at the time due to injustice and despotism over Hargeisa, which triggered atrocities against somaliland’s population in which another 250,000 people died and their cities were razed by Somali forces.
This led to the emergence of an organization of students, entrepreneurs, officials and modelling politicians to shape the Somali National Movement, which then became an armed liberation front that defeated the dictatorial regime.
On 18 May 1991, the other inhabitants of Somaliland withdrew from the union, regained their independence and rebuilt their own country through a local peacebuilding procedure and a hybrid formula for state formation. This has become the beginning of a wonderful good fortune. Africa and the cornerstone of a democratic nation.
DEMOCRATIZATION AND MULTIPARTY SYSTEM
Somaliland’s democratic culture dates back to the days of liberation, when the SNM drafted a letter and balanced the leadership structure.
It was composed of the president and a central committee that elected the president to practice the values of democracy on the war front.
The SNM, which is the birthplace of present-day Somaliland, led six general assemblies and elected five democratically elected leaders in 8 years, all of whom had full mandates, to be replaced by elected successors.
When the SNM liberated the country in 1991, it led the country for two years according to its status and passed leadership to classical leaders who then a national status and elected new leaders.
In 20001, Somaliland’s democracy took a new step in enacting a letter that transformed the country into a multi-party system, laying the groundwork for the many elections that this unrecognized republic has since held.
Shortly after the letter was ratified in a referendum, the rest of Somaliland’s population once voted in a multi-party election for district councils in December 2002. elections.
This resulted in 332 councillors elected to other districts and regions of Somaliland and 3 national parties: the United Peoples’ Democratic Party (UDUB), the ruler at the time, and two opposition parties: Kulmiye Peace, Unity and Development Party (Kulmiye) and the Justice and Welfare Party (Ururka Caddaalada iyo Daryeka0) or UCID.
In April 2003, four months after the local council elections, Somalilandia held a presidential election that is one of the world’s lowest margin polls with only 80 votes.
The vote took place as planned on 14 April 2003 and in some 1,000 polling stations, the electorate elected from 3 candidates in an orderly process. International observers from the United States, Canada, Sweden, the United Kingdom, Ethiopia and South Africa described the election as “one of the freedest and most transparent democratic training ever conducted in the Horn of Africa. “
Despite the margin on the result, the losers accepted and gave in.
In September 2005, 246 parliamentary applicants contested 82 seats in the House of Representatives in a corporation involving 982 polling stations, 1,500 polling stations, 1. 3 million polling stations, 6,000 party officials, 3,000 police officers and 700 national observers and 76 foreign observers from Canada. Finland, Kenya, South Africa, the United Kingdom, the United States and Zimbabwe. Everyone proved the election was loose and fair.
Somaliland has continued to demonstrate that this is a
On 26 June 2010, the other people of Somaliland went to the polls for a new presidential election, in which an opposition candidate won as opposed to a incumbent in an election deemed credible by local and foreign observers.
A nonviolent power movement followed, barely noticed in Africa.
Elections in Somaliland have remained and remain free, fair and peaceful. The country had other elections for local councils in 2012 and a difficult presidential election in 2017. Twenty-seven countries deployed observers to assist in the voting procedure in 1,624 offices. .
“Throughout the election period, Somalis have shown support for the rule of law and the constitutional process, voting non-violently and in large numbers. The project welcomes this continued commitment to non-violent participation in an incredibly open electoral system,” observers said.
Somaliland is back at the polls this year. There are plans to hold joint, self-sponsored parliamentary and municipal elections in which some 1,000 candidates run for MPs and councillors.
They will seek the participation of more than one million voters whose popularity and biometric iris data have been recorded in order to vote. Somaliland is the only country that uses iris popularity to vote.
With reference to the electoral record and the success of democratic values practiced in Somaliland, Somaliland is exemplary for many countries in Africa and the Middle East as a beacon of democracy, political freedom and civil liberties.
Ismail is a sociologist and social scientist in Nairobi, a graduate student specializing in crisis control at the University of Nairobi. [Email protected]
(Edited through V. Graham)