The people and the nation of Somaliland joins the security National Armed Forces in celebrating their anniversary, this time round with the Somaliland. Not Somalia. Somaliland has been an independent region of Somalia proper for more than 20 years. Yet, most Westerners do not associate the former British protectorate with 20 years of independence and stability but rather with the instability and chaos of Mogadishu (which is not part of Somaliland if you did not know).

As I crossed the Somaliland border by land, I was quickly reminded of the Kurdistan part of Iraq. In similar fashion, Kurdistan is not far from Baghdad but bears little resemblance to the chaos of the Iraqi capital city. Further, Somaliland similarly bears little resemblance to Mogadishu. Rather it looks like Dubai 20 years ago. The construction and economic activity seemed out of place in Dubai 20 years ago, but now it is the norm and the epicenter of the booming Middle Eastern financial sector.

Somaliland: Emerging Economy in the Face of Contradiction

Due to the lack of official recognition internationally, Somaliland still suffers from the international trade embargo imposed on Somalia. Still, Somalians have made a name for themselves as Africa’s most skilled traders. As keen businessmen working within constrained parameters, Somalians are a driving force in Africa’s informal market.

Sitting down with the Somaliland Central Bank Governor Abdi Dirir, you learn quickly how informal the Somaliland economy is. “The GDP of the Somaliland economy is possibly $1.5 billion,” said Mr. Dirir. In response to my speculation that the Somaliland economy could range from $3 to $4 billion, the governor easily replied “it is possible.” The movement of money throughout the Somaliland economy is a misnomer for modern day economic growth. If you are looking for commercial banks and “visa accepted here” signs, you will be highly disappointed.

According to the Governor, the Somalian Schilling maintains a stable exchange rate except for the minor fluctuations that occur when the diaspora visit this territory usually at the same time for a holiday week. During this time, a huge influx of Somalians brings U.S. dollars into the economy, creating a minor boost in the dollar supply. To say informality characterizes this economy would simply be an understatement.From Traders to Entrepreneurs

Entrepreneurship is the second best characterization of the Somaliland economy. If you ask a local Somalian to introduce you to some local entrepreneurs, he will ask if you are staying for a couple weeks. A short visit will not do the country justice.

Somaliland is a country of more than 20 newspapers, more than 15 universities, and several telecom operators. For a republic that has around 4 million inhabitants, these types of numbers are both impressive and concerning. In the world of media, newspapers come and go as the best ones rise to the top and the defunct ones disappear. As one local Somalian described the situation, one day a guy is a newspaper entrepreneur and the next day he is pitching you on a new agribusiness idea.

In the world of education, starting a new university may seem as easy as a hobby in Somaliland. Yet, in reality, it is an area of opportunity where the local population is starving for increased education. At the same time, it is another manifestation of a growth opportunity for government regulation. As the government begins to implement a quality standard around education, the number of universities should shrink and the quality of graduates should improve. Despite all the challenges in sectors, such as news media and education, optimism must be taken from the current situation.

“Free enterprise is Somalia,” according to the Minister of Planning Dr. Sa’ad Ali Shire, “because the prior circumstances of the country required the private sector to do a lot of work.” The private sector effort in creating modern day Somaliland can never be fully appreciated. “It is the private sector building this country,” added the minister. Calling Somaliland the emerging Silicon Valley for its creativity may be an overstatement today but give it time.

Booming Telecom

The Somaliland telecommunication industry is a beacon of the championed free enterprise system in Somaliland. Six telecom operators populate the bandwidth of Somaliland. Some telecom experts speculate that mobile penetration could be as high as 35 to 40 percent as of January 2013. The amount of companies and the accompanying penetration rates are a stark contrast to the estimated 3 to 5 percent penetration rates at the turn of the century.

Telesom is the biggest player in the market with more than 85 percent of the mobile subscriber market and the only firm with significant market power. SomTel is the second largest operator with a rapidly growing number of internet users. The presence of multiple operators, despite the imbalance in market share, has made Somaliland one of the cheapest mobile phone environments in the world.

And that’s just one example. Next week we’ll look at the challenges facing the booming telecom industry, and dive into mobile banking, and the import/export business in Somaliland, which is centered around Port Berbera.

By Kurt Davis/Business & Finance Commentary
(Kurt Davis Jr. is a Senior Associate with Schulze Global Investments in its Ethiopia office. He is a private equity professional and early business/start-up consultant with experience in Sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa, Asia, Europe and United States. He is an avid traveler who has been to 60+ countries throughout the world in search of new investment opportunities, new people, and a better understanding of the world).


  1. god willing if we even achieve half of what dubai has achieved then i will be a very happy s/lander but obviously somalian haters are gonna curse us yet want us to reunite with them lol

    how i love the irony from the (fake) unionists

    • lol silly kid. you have allot to learn. might as well call you're selves Lands, and take away Somali. Now you claim you are not Somalians. Ignorance is bias.

      • lol crazy man you do not know the difference between the nation and country, Somali is nation or people that speak the same language but have and live difference countries ,what a kiddy person learn more about sociology and human science ,ignorant ……………. Somaliland is great country "

  2. Free enterprises and less government red tape enabled Somaliand to prosper in a short period of time..

  3. "Somalians"

    this is one silly mistake that no somali should make. we all have our limitation in foreign language like english but as a Somali you should know it is "Somalis" and not "Somalians" .

      • Yusuf,
        They aren't only suffering untreated dyslexia, but they're also lacking a critical thinking and common sense…For them Somaliland's sovereignty is their number one enemy in the world….
        why? perhaps, they lost all sense of individuality.

    • both terms are ok. Somali or Somalians. The Author's article is just fine and he hasn't been offensive
      by saying Somalians.

  4. Garadagland is Dubai when it comes to heat and the only burj (towers) there are trashes and khat plastics.

    Perfect place to invest recycling plant or trash services….if you charge 1 cent for every trash and plastic you will be billionaire in a single day.

    • Kayse dissident stooge under extensive therapy treatment by garadagland mystic powers is improving
      with good results..see this time he has written only two lines,. Cusbooyinkii Garadagland baa
      quush badan ka safeeyey..Allahu Agbar..mohahahaha

  5. How are the talks between the Somaliland Govt and the DUbai(UAE) dp World Berbera Port
    on-going talks Like Djibouti, the DP World has a good chance to take control of the Somaliland
    Berbera Port in similar fashion of Djibouti. Another topic..what has become of the Somcable

  6. Just one more thing. The Etisalat private sector corporation company whose shareholders
    are all Nationals was previously operated by the British Cable & Wireless. Probably this is another
    field where Somaliland Govt could benefit their currently fragmented Telecommunications
    industry? I propose that a team delegation from Somaliland Posts and Telecommunications
    should take an official trip to the UAE to study how the UAE Posts and Telecomms systems work.
    between their Postal and Telecomms Ministeries and yheir Elisalat National Corporation
    Private Sector Shareholders Businesses??? In fact there could be many other useful Ministeries
    throughout the GCC where Somaliland could draw farther knowhows needed in Somaliland.

  7. Oooo notice he said next week he will discuss Somaliland some more……nice a article series that isnt full of rubbish fa q @shawi crap!

    But I do agree with the need for regulations when it comes to health and education and even regular businesses for strict standards that help the consumers.

  8. Somalis -means all ethnic somali people from Somalia, Somaliland, Djibouti, Ethopia and Kenya.
    Somalian – means a citizen of Somalia
    Somalander – means a citizen of Somaliland
    Djiboutian – means a citizen of Djibouti
    whitle Somali citizens in Kenya and Ethiopia are kenyians and Ethiopians

    • Nice said Omar that’s why i never understand how we can call Somali president or gvt authorities of Xamar as they represent all somali ( Djibouti / Somaliland)

  9. What a weird comparason
    If somaliland = dubai 20 years ago, then this statement is also true for most of african cities
    But in reality, are they really going to be dubai today, after 20 years?
    Certainly not most of them ,right?
    But why?
    When the 7 emirates were formed in 1970, these guys had a great leader, who just wanted to see his country forward and really cared so much about the citizens;
    When it comes to africa, we got everything but not a good leader.
    So saying hargeisa is dubai 20 years ago, or garowe is new york 30 years ago, looks very promissing mathamatically, but far away from the reality