Political Independence of Somaliland on 26 June 1960.

Somaliland was under protection of UK Government for a period of 76 years, from 1884 to 26 June, 1960. During colonial times, its official name was Somaliland British Protectorate and achieved independence from United Kingdom on June 26, 1960. Immediately after independence, Somaliland was recognised as a sovereign  state by over 30 countries. Because of chauvinistic  winds  of 1960, Somaliland immediately  had unratified unification with Somalia.

There  was no significant formal, ratified  agreement between then newly independent states of Somaliland and Somalia because:

  1. There was no official Parliamentary approval
  2. There was no Supreme Court approving the fledgling union
  3. There was no UN Resolution recognising and approving the unification process.

Somaliland reclaimed  its  independence from Somalia after 30 years of injustice and devastating Union and restored  its  political institutions of independence attained on 26 June 1960 from the Great Britain. Somaliland currently exercises lawful  sovereignty of its  independence of June 26, 1960 based on the following valid, legal points:

conference from 4th to 12th May 1960, decision appointed⦁        that the date of independence of Somaliland Political  independence  of Somaliland  was discussed and agreed during London Constitutional shall be on 26 June 1960. Decision was submitted to UK Parliament.

Government the QUEEN on Friday 24th June 1960; recognition⦁ of Somaliland was officially published  by’ Political  Independence  of  Somaliland was on the basis of the official proclamation of Her Majesty s

the authority on Friday 24th June 1960, the London Gazette No. 42074, the Belfast  Gazette No. 2035/239, and the Edinburgh Gazette No. 17,833/387

Buckingham  Palace, this twenty-third day of June,⦁         in the year of  one Thousand nine hundred  and  sixty,“ Political independence  of Somaliland was registered Court  at Buckingham, Given at  Court  at ( 23 June 1960 ) ” see at end  of the QUEEN’s proclamation statement.

Political independence of Somaliland is on the basis of international  treaties  concluded between

Somaliland and  UK Government  on 26 June 1960, -⦁ UK Treaty Series No. 44 (1960) was submitted to the

UK Parliament.

Political independence of Somaliland is on the basis of international treaties recorded and registered

with the United Nations by the UK Government on 13th⦁ September 1960, UN Treaty Series 1960, and

Volume 374.

Somaliland territory

Somaliland’s  independence  restores the colonial borders of the former British  Protectorate of Somaliland and therefore  does  not  violate  the principle of  uti possidetis – that former colonial borders should be maintained upon independence – which is enshrined in the Consultative Act of the African Union (Session in Cairo, UAR, from 17 to 21 July 1964).

Somaliland statehood

Somaliland  fulfils  all the  criteria for  statehood as those set by the 1933 Montevideo Convention, “The State as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications”:

  • a permanent population;
  • a defined territory;
  • government; and
  • capacity to enter into relations with the other states..

Somalia is a classic example of a failed state. It effectively has had no reasonably working state structures since 1991, but its cosmetic existence has from 1992 been practically subject to the Security Council’s 1992 Resolution of 733, adopted again in 2019 as 2472. With billions of dollars wasted in establishing governance, the international community has nothing to show for that all those resources other than securing a few miles around Mogadishu. Somalia still struggles to stand on its feet and the chances it will do so in the foreseeable future is dim. It is dim because instead of coming to terms with the factuality that Somaliland has left the 1960 dubious union, Somalia continues to put ratifying its draft constitution and completing its state institution building on the back burner.

Our message to Gov.Uk   and the international stakeholders

  • We call upon the international community to accept the factuality that Somalia has no de facto jurisdiction, no legal basis for its claim on Somaliland and no relevance on the political processes in Somaliland.
  • We express our concerns that if Somalia continues with its sinister plans to spoil the peace and stability Somaliland has achieved without support from the international community by pitting Somaliland communities against one an other, or by derailing our economic progress, the security of the wider region of the Horn of Africa and the Gulf of Aden will be comprised.

Yours Sincerely

Executive Committee Somaliland Society in Europe (SSE)


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