is it a preemptive or prerequisite for Somaliland’s question for recognition?
As events unfold for the Somali people in the Somali region things cannot get better as it stands now over the past two decades for both Somalia and Somaliland.
The recognition that is, comes in two folds.
- At the international arena
- At the Somali arena.
- At the international arena,
What has changed in the international arena is a Somali government has been recognized for a sovereign nation that was a member in the United Nations, even though still its very existence is enforced by the international community. In the last twenty two years no government had qualified to earn the legitimacy of a representative Somali government. The main reasons are after Siyad Barre’s downfall there was no official transfer of power. When the vacuum emerged then the war between Ali Mahdi and Aideed Farah over the seat had began and continued for a number of years throughout the nineties. It was then the first international intervention when everything went dark until when the era of the exile governments began to emerge.
- The exile government of Abdul qassim Salad Hassan formed in Arta, Djibouti of. 2000-2004
- The exile government of Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed formed in Kenya. 2004-2008
- The second exile government of Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed formed in Djiboute. 2009-2012
The exile nature of those governments was a major deficiency in their legitimacy. However as part of its transitional charter of the TFG government– the mandate was to move to a legitimate government. The least of it was to be formed inside the country, the creation of a constitution, a parliament chosen from all the regions including Somaliland.
Anything less could never have made a legitimate government that the international community can endorse for its sovereignty. Somaliland was a crucial part in the legitimization process for the official Somali government and in order to complete the mission to the finish line, the transitional government had to reach to the Somaliland side when Sheikh Sheriff and President of Somaliland met in the UAE. It was the due process to build a legal Somali government.
At the Somali arena.
While the grievances of the Somalis are still smoldering inside, now the ball is in their court the legitimacy and sovereignty are the basic rights of its people but the fairness is not accepted in the Somali arena. Somaliland refutes its entirety. But the fact it refutes doesn’t mean it did not participate in its formation. For instance, the notorious 4.5 assembly inherited from the late TFG, is ridiculous and unrepresentative of the union between the North and the South. But, one will say then why Somaliland participated in the finish line of the TFG. Let’s briefly look at the rich Somali wisdom. “it was said once a lady harnessed a camel but in the end could not get the camel lift off the ground, and in the process called Sheikh Abdulqadir to power his camel to lift off the ground, Sheikh Abdulqadir was a pious muslim scholar some people believe by calling him can help ease their suffering. However, when fortunately the camel lifted off the ground, she was asked who was Sheikh Abdulqadir by her peers who were unaware the person he was. She replied I don’t know but all that I needed was to lift my camel off the ground”. The 4.5 was typically not something Somaliland knew, nor cared about but all that maters to Somaliland people was the Camel lifting off the ground. Now the sovereignty of Somalia is in the hands of its people. it is at this stage where it can never be better for Somaliland to pursue and get separation from the rest of Somalia. Yes, the recognition that is, makes a prerequisite for it’ s separation but this is not a preemptive for it’s question for separation. It is rather the voice is now more louder without much noise in the background of what government should we deal with for this matter – if we see back in the history, this has been the case in The Ethiopia/Eriteria Model, Southern Sudan and Northern Sudan Model. Each case had one official legitimate party releasing the second party. Likewise, the arbitration of Somalia/Somaliland separation follows the same model and needs to be enforced and supervised by the international community. If the international community does not have the official on the other side the Somaliland case will remain in legal limbo. Let us not forget, the makeup of the Somali government can never be possible without the international community enforcing its very existence, the funding, policing and defense included. The fact that Somaliland will sit with Somalia again in the near future it is time the international communities play the arbitration on the one hand while on the other hand refraining to leave the initiative to begin from within between the two Somalis. It is paramount to the legitimacy of the Somali government to get to respond the demand of Somaliland for the union they entered together.
The conclusion is the recognition of Somali government is not a preemptive move for Somaliland’s question for recognition but it’s a closer step and a prerequisite for its recognition. I complement the world community and especially the United States of America to bring to an end to the anarchy in Somalia.